Currently cocoa farmers and farm workers get only 3% of the profit gained from the sale of a bar of chocolate in any shop worldwide. For smallholder even earn lesser than the 3%. The best ways to help cocoa farmers out of chronic poverty is for them to be able to market their crop directly to the buyers and traders.
Child labour has become threatening in many countries’ future and development. For example in Ivory Coast, Ghana and Cameroon many children are found in cocoa farming communities undertaking several activities at various levels of production. Many of these children are from broken homes, orphaned or as a result of child trafficking. Economic/financial constraint is also a major contributor to child labour.
Climate change and environmental sustainability have become very indispensable topics in the production of cocoa and still remains a critical issue. Several efforts have been made by governments, institutions and civil society organizations to educate stakeholders on climate change and its effects.
Gender in cocoa
There is no doubt that women already play an important role in the production of cocoa beans. Majority of women assist their men, but most often not get paid or much lesser than men. At the same time they take care of house hold, like, preparing food, cleaning and taking care for their child(ren).
Schooling and Education
Education is a privilege and a right to all, especially children, unfortunately children in cocoa growing communities don’t have the possibility or access to education due to the lack of school or the means for them to enrol in school due to chronic poverty as their parents are not able to pay their fees.
As a result many children end up working in cocoa farms to support their parent or sometime children are been hired to work in cocoa farms to raise income. Therefore the WCFO, invite partners and stakeholders in the cocoa value chain to support its community school support program to help children in cocoa growing communities have access to education, which is their basic right as children.
Children in cocoa growing communities have difficulties daily to concentrate with their education as schools often don’t have the basic necessary facilities to help children focus on their learning. Issues such as the lack of proper school benches, tables, teaching and learning material.
Clean drinking water
The lack of portable drinking water in cocoa growing communities is create serious problem on the livelihood of locals, as many they have to walk sometimes 5 kilo meters to source water from streams including children.